this combined with the fact that the Barcelona airport is limited in its
expansion due to its geographical enclave means that future investment
should be consistent with it and thoroughly researched.
done on other areas of Europe such as London or Paris, we can conclude
that these support a greater movement of travelers. This is due to the
NETWORK of four airports that exist in the area of London and the
NETWORK of three airports in Paris.
it would be more advantageous for Catalonia and for the Barcelona area
to consider alternative locations and investments for the future absorption
of air traffic, movement of travelers and commodities
the economic take off of other zones.
airport's future growth is limited by two basic factors:
- The lack
of adjacent lands for the future construction of a fourth runway
and the impossibility -according to geological and geotechnical studies-
of constructing a runway over the sea at a distance of more than 1,500
meters from the coastline. This is due
to the sharp drop-off of the marine floor on an unstable embankment
where continuous landslides and earth movement occur.
- The proximity
of the populated zones limits the airport perimeter as well as its security
zone and aeronautic facilities.
B) WHAT WAS THE VALUATION OF THE SELECTED LOCATION FOR THE THIRD RUNWAY ?
AVV of Gavà
Mar detected the following problems arising from the location selected
by the analysis committee for the third runway:
- It's a runway with a limited longitude situated between two ZEPA zones
- The risk of collision with birds that nest in these zones during the
phases of greater risk (takeoff and landing) is extremely great. Annually,
around 15 impacts with birds are reported on the main runway and on
the transverse runway, some of them having provoked considerable damage
to the aircraft, for example halting the engine.
- The approximation or takeoff maneuvers from the new third runway take
place over the ZEPA zones and thus the possibility of colliding with
birds is greater, risking human lives or, in the best case, causing
considerable material damage.
- The runway's short longitude limits its use to certain models of aircrafts
in the takeoff phase.
- Its location would prevent the transverse runway from being used, thus
the airport would continue to have only two operational runways.
- With the new runway configuration, takeoffs would no longer operate
from the transverse runway. With this, the situation in Gavà Mar was anticipated to be CHAOTIC AND UNSUSTAINABLE
The Barcelona airport, despite being surrounded by towns, has an enviable
geographic location, which includes a first order ally: the
SEA. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the possibility
of executing takeoff and landing maneuvers in the direction of the sea
as a favorable alternative because there are no obstacles or towns
In this way
a greater security degree would be achieved and the environmental impact
would favor people and towns, without affecting the operation of the airport
C) WHAT WAS AVV of GAVÀ MAR's PROPOSAL ?
AVV of Gavà
Mar supported the construction of a new metropolitan airport but, if a
third runway had to be built, it should be situated along the
coastline with the following characteristics:
- Parallel to the present main runway (runway 07-25)
- Its south end (the future 07R end) would start in the extreme end of the transverse
runway (20) -this last one expanded to 3,500 meters- without crossing.
- Its north
end (the future 25L end) would be situated at the height of the present
canal to the right of the Llobregat River.
with the two already existing runways (07-25) and (02-20), making available
three runways that would be completely operative conjunctively.
a longitude of 4.000 meters.
- To gain
security of flight operations and its components.
- To reduce
the environmental sound impact on the people and on the adjacent towns.
- To respect
the protected zones (ZEPA). Therefore, a subterranean tunnel should
be constructed underneath the new runway to connect the spilling out
of the Ricarda Lagoon into the sea and to maintain the saline surroundings
- It would
not be necessary to divert the Castelldefels highway (C-31)
- Security: being a runway of greater longitude whose approximation
trajectories do not cross over the ZEPA zones nor do they fly over populated
zones, therefore reduces the grave risk of collision with birds. Moreover,
takeoff and approximation trajectories do not fly below 1,500 feet and
do not pass over any populated zones, flying over the sea (an obstacle-free
- Feasibility: being an actual third runway, it does not
block the use of runway 20 (transverse) and it is suitable for all kinds
of aircraft under any possible circumstance (dry, wet runway, wind
It allows for segregated operations, dependent and independent runways,
making it possible to reach and surpass 90 operations per hour.
- Minimum Environmental Impact: the same on urban zones as on
- Expansion of the airport's perimeters: with sufficient land
for the location of the necessary aeronautic facilities and areas for
the airport system.
- Physical loss of the El Prat Beach area
AVV of Gavà
Mar believes that the proposal to locate the third runway chosen by the
research analysis committee would make any reasonable use of the El Prat
Beach impractical due to its nearness to the airport's security perimeter
and the grave noise pollution that would be created.
In any case, the alternative proposal's impact on the coast would be comparable to that
of the construction of a port and less than the impact of the expected
Barcelona port expansion. In compensation, there would be notable advantages
for the rest of the surroundings, especially for the people.
D) WHAT OTHER PROPOSALS DID AVV OF GAVÀ MAR SUGGEST ?
of Gavà Mar also wanted to put on the record that the intention
of creating a great loading center in the Barcelona airport had
- The operation of cargo planes in specific time zones slows down operations,
given that some of these aircrafts are light and very slow.
- Part of the operation of cargo planes occurs at night, which creates
a greater noise level in this conflictive time zone.
in other areas of Europe such as in London, Paris or Frankfurt has been
to create load distribution centers in neighboring airports that have
a lesser volume of traffic. In Barcelona's case, the Reus airport is available,
being well connected to the Barcelona area by highway and also close to
the Tarragona port. It would be interesting if they were to promote a
specialized air loading center there, so as to enhance the airport economic
development and activities.
Finally, it is suitable to bring forward the fact that the future expansion
of the Barcelona airport will reach a point of saturation in a
few years. It is difficult to specify the exact period of time but it
could be around 20 years. Before reaching this point, it would be convenient
to look for and reserve land surfaces where it would be possible to develop
the future airport of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. It could
be in the region of Penedès, which unites the following conditions:
- An area
well connected by highway (including two freeways), train (suburb line
and the future high-speed line) and close to the great area of Barcelona.
in which there are large scarcely populated expanses